Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Saaiq M. Epidemiology and Outcome of Nontraumatic Lower Limb Amputations. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :130-138
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7817-en.html
National Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine (NIRM), Islamabad, Pakistan , muhammadsaaiq@apims.net
Abstract:   (745 Views)
Background: In order to create a solid evidence base for the development of improved management methods, this study was performed to describe the epidemiology and outcome of nontraumatic lower limb amputations (LLAs).
   Methods: This descriptive case series was conducted over a period of 4 years. It included all patients of both sexes and all ages who underwent LLAs for nontraumatic indications.
   Results: There were a total of 217 patients with 136 (62.67%) men and 81(37.32%) women. The age range was 7 to 71 years, with a mean of 54.25 ± 11.49 years.  The most common indication for amputation (41.47%) was diabetic foot gangrene. The most common level of amputation (48.29%) was below knee amputation.
   Conclusion: Patients with diabetic foot gangrene, malignant tumors, and chronic neuropathic ulcers with osteomyelitis constituted the bulk of the amputees. Diabetes mellitus, obesity, and hypertension were the commonest comorbidities identified among them. Public awareness and education would ensure prompt and early health seeking at the appropriate time and help to prevent the need for major amputations in many instances. The amputees' improved reintegration into society and ability to become contributing members of society would be ensured by the provision of vigorous rehabilitation.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Epidemiology

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