Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Nasiri N, Mangolian Shahrbabaki P, Sharifi A, Ghasemzadeh I, Khalili M, Karamoozian A, et al . Barriers and Problems in Implementing Health-Associated Infections Surveillance Systems in Iran: A Qualitative Study. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :484-491
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8356-en.html
HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , hsharifi@kmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (327 Views)
Background: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are among the most critical challenges for patients and healthcare providers. To achieve the goals of the surveillance system, it is necessary to identify its barriers and problems. This study aimed to identify the barriers and problems of the surveillance system for HAIs.
   Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using the content analysis method to investigate the challenges of this surveillance system from the perspective of 18 infection control nurses from hospitals in different cities of Iran with work experience of 1 to 15 years. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the Lundman and Graneheim qualitative content analysis method.
   Results: In this study, we found 2 categories and 7 subcategories. Two categories were barriers related to human resources and organizational barriers to infection control. The 7 subcategories included weakness of medical staff in adherence to health principles, obstacles related to patients, high workload and insufficient motivation, lack of staff knowledge, lack of human resources, functional and logistical weaknesses, and weaknesses in the surveillance system.
   Conclusion: To reduce problems and improve HAIs reporting, the HAIs surveillance system needs the support of health system officials and managers. This administrative and support focus can establish the framework for removing and lowering other barriers, such as the number of reported cases, physician and staff noncooperation, and the prevalence of HAIs. It can also bring HAIs cases closer to reality.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Infectious Disease

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