Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Norouzi A, Ahmadi F, Bigdeli S, Soltani Arabshahi S K. The Experiences of Faculty Members and Medical Students of Basic Medical Sciences of Characteristics of a Competent Professor: A Qualitative Study. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :622-631
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8383-en.html
Center for Educational Research in Medical Science (CERMS), Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , soltarab@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (376 Views)
Background: The instructor is one of the key factors in attaining educational goals in medical education, and the instructor’s competencies facilitate students’ educational achievement. The present study is an attempt to explain the experiences of faculty members and students of characteristics of competent professors who play an influential role in the academic achievement of basic medical sciences students in universities of medical sciences across the country.
   Methods: The present study is a conventional qualitative content analysis. Fifteen faculty members and students of medicine from Iranian universities of medical sciences from different regions of the country were selected using a purposive and then theoretical sampling. A semi-structured interview was used for data collection.
   Results: In this study, four themes and nine sub-themes were extracted from interviews. The themes included “clinical knowledge”, “teaching competency”, “monitoring students’ performance”, and “cognitive-psychological arousal”. The sub-themes were “clinical knowledge’ including “Non-applied teaching of basic sciences and unfamiliarity of instructors of basic sciences with the clinic”;  “teaching competency” including “having instructional design skills, teaching based on the psychology of learning, and professional development”; “monitoring students’ performance” including “fair evaluation and valid evaluation”, and “cognitive-psychological arousal” including “student support and reinforcement”.
   Conclusion: The present study identified the important characteristics of the competencies of professors of basic medical sciences working in Iranian medical universities. The competency of professors is essential in promoting students’ educational achievement and training efficient and professional students in the field of medicine to render quality health services. The results of this study will assist administrators and educational policymakers in planning for the promotion of professors and medical education.

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