Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Sobhani A, Taheri S N, Amiri S. Short-term Complications of Open Latarjet Procedure for Recurrent Anterior Shoulder Dislocation. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :505-509
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8450-en.html
Shohadaye Haftom-e-tir Hospital, Department of Orthopedics, School of ‎Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , amiri.shay@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (551 Views)
Background: Anterior dislocation is the most common type of shoulder dislocation, and even after appropriate treatment, recurrence after a primary traumatic anterior dislocation is highly frequent. Surgical options for treating recurrent anterior dislocations mainly include Bankart arthroscopic and Latarjet open surgery. We aimed to evaluate the outcomes and complication rates of the open Latarjet procedure in a series of patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.
   Methods: A total of 55 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation who underwent an open Latarjet procedure were included in this retrospective cohort study. Shoulder range of motion and postoperative complications, including neurapraxia, re-dislocation, hematoma, infection, dehiscence, implant failure, and pain, were evaluated.
   Results: The mean age of the patients was 27.7 ± 6.5 years. The mean time interval after the first dislocation was 3.4 ± 2.7 years. The mean preoperative and postoperative forward flexion (P = 0.200), abduction (P = 0.200), external rotation (P = 0.066), and internal rotation (P = 0.310) were not significantly different. Postoperative complications included 1 case of postoperative musculocutaneous nerve neurapraxia, 1 case of re-dislocation, 1 case of wound dehiscence, and 2 cases of screw breakage. Postoperative pain was also recorded in 11 (20%) patients that were either in the form of occasional night pain (n = 6) or activity-dependent pain (n = 5).
   Conclusion: Open Latarjet procedure is an efficient procedure for the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation. However, its rate of complications remains relatively high, and surgeons must consider this drawback in their decision-making and address patients' expectations.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Orthopedic Surgery

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