Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Abilova G, Kamkhen V, Kalmatayeva Z. Quality of Life of Patients Who Have Suffered from Acute Cerebrovascular Accident (Investigation Based on EQ-5D-5L). Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :677-681
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8531-en.html
Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Evidence-based Medicine, Al–Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan , dr.abilova@mail.ru
Abstract:   (444 Views)
Background: Acute cerebrovascular accident is known to be one of the main causes of morbidity, mortality, long-term disability, and disability in society.
To investigate the quality of life of patients who have suffered from acute cerebrovascular accident (hereinafter ACVA) in stratified groups by age, gender, diagnosis, type (primary or secondary), and severity of a stroke, as well as undergoing rehabilitation.
   Methods: This research is a cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study. The main research method is a survey. Data collection was carried out in 2020 in Almaty of the Republic of Kazakhstan by inpatient doctors (City Clinical Hospital No. 5 of the Public Health Department of Almaty), engaged in the rehabilitation treatment of patients with acute cerebrovascular accident. The standardized questionnaire EQ-5D-5L was used to assess the quality of life due to health conditions. Data on the state of "mobility", "self-care", "daily activities", "pain", "anxiety", as well as data on self-assessment of health status (according to the EQ VAS scale) were analyzed using the Level Sum Scores (hereinafter LSS).
   Results: The study involved 258 respondents who had a stroke. The survey was conducted 2 months after the respondents were discharged from the hospital. The average LSS index of patients who underwent ACVA was 10.2 (9.7±10.7). Significant differences in LSS levels (P ≤ 0.001) were revealed by the severity of stroke and by the fact of rehabilitation. Differences in LSS levels by age, gender, diagnosis, and type of ACVA are insignificant (P > 0.05).
The difference in health indicators of patients with primary and repeated strokes indicates the fact of deterioration in the quality of life with each subsequent stroke. The quality of life of patients with ACVA is associated with the fact of rehabilitation: low values of EQ VAS in the group of patients who did not undergo rehabilitation and high values of EQ VAS in those who underwent rehabilitation.
   Conclusion: After a stroke, the majority of patients tend to have a negative quality of life, mostly due to violations of the component "daily activities". The identified significant disparities in LSS and EQ VAS indicators further show that the quality of life varies among stratified groups. The kind (primary or secondary) and severity of the stroke, as well as the existence of rehabilitation, are indicators that impact the quality of life of patients who have had ACVA.
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