Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page


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Ahangar A, Mohammadi F, Tehrani-Banihashemi S A, Joulani M, Safarani S, Nojomi M. The Effects of Covid-19 on Financial-Economic and Performance Efficiency of Hospitals. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :339-346
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8556-en.html
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Psychosocial Health Research Institute, Department of Community and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , mnojomi@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (690 Views)
Background: During the pandemic of COVID-19, the function and performance of hospitals have been affected by various economic-financial and management aspects. The aim of the current study was to assess the process of therapeutic care delivery and also the economic-financial functions of the selected hospitals before and after COVID-19.
   Methods: This research is a descriptive-analytical study and a cross-sectional-comparative study in terms of time, and it was conducted in several selected teaching hospitals of Iran University of Medical Sciences. A purposeful and convenient sampling method was used. The data has been collected using the standard research tool (standard checklist of the Ministry of Health) in the two areas of financial-economic  and healthcare performance (such as Data of financial and economic indicators such as direct and indirect costs, liquidity ratio and profitability index as well as key performance indicators of hospitals such as bed occupancy ratio (BOR; %), average length of stay (ALOS), bed turnover rate (BTR), bed turnover distance rate (BTIR) and hospital mortality rate (HMR), physician-to-bed ratio and nurse-to-bed ratio) of hospitals in two times before and after the outbreak of COVID-19 (time period 2018 to 2021). The data was collected from 2018 to 2021. Pearson/Spearman regression was used for the evaluation of the relationship between variables using SPSS 22.
   Results: This research showed the admission of COVID-19 patients caused a change in the indicators we evaluated. ALOS (-6.6%), BTIR (-40.7%), and discharge against medical advice (-7.0%) decreased from 2018 to 2021. BOR; % (+5.0%), occupy bed days (+6.6%), BTR (+27.5%, HMR (+50%), number of inpatients (+18.8%), number of discharges (+13.1%), number of surgeries (+27.4%), nurse-per-bed ratio (+35.9%), doctor-per-bed ratio (+31.0%) increased in the same period of time. The profitability index was correlated to all of the performance indicators except for the net death rate. Higher length of stay and turnover interval had a negative effect on the profitability index while higher bed turnover rate, bed occupancy ratio, bed day, number of inpatient admission, and number of surgery had a positive effect on the profitability index.
   Conclusion: It has been shown from the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the performance indicators of the studied hospitals were negatively affected. As a consequence of the COVID-19 epidemic, many hospitals were not able to deal with the negative financial and medical outcomes of this crisis due to a significant decrease in income and a double increase in expenses.
 
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