Volume 38, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024 | Back to browse issues page


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Aghabagheri M, Mehrmohammadi M, Bagheri Noaparast K. On the Spot Scaffolding as the Hermeneutic Phenomenology Action Field: Critical Thinking Case for Medical Students in Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024; 38 (1) :28-34
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8711-en.html
Department of Education, School of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , Mehrmohammadimahmoud@TMU.ac.ir
Abstract:   (127 Views)
Background: A major contribution to the humanities literature has been the development and application of Vygotsky's sociocultural theory in relevant fields. Constructivism as a paradigm is owed to Vygotsky and his efforts. On-the-spot scaffolding in this regard is one of the innovations that can be triangulated with hermeneutic phenomenology to pave the way for a paradigm shift in the educational system in a broad view and for critical thinking for medical students in a narrow view. This study aimed to illuminate the other side of the behavioristic lesson plan, which is on-the-spot scaffolding in implementing one of the modules of essential skills for doctors of medicine (Adab-e Pezeshki), which is critical thinking.    
   Methods: This study was qualitative and longitudinal. It is longitudinal due to the 3 years of involvement and qualitative due to the study design approach and the use of discourse analysis and hermeneutic phenomenology as tools. 
   Results: Three main findings emerged from the study's qualitative nature: first, students who attended the sessions or who merely completed the assignments created an on-the-spot critical thinking scaffolding design, which is an alternative to a behavioristic lesson plan; and second, the students wrote numerous movie reviews in both Persian and English. One of the components of reflective autobiography is these film critics and a student-written, instructor-edited paper submitted to ICHPE 2023.
   Conclusion: There is an urgent need for a paradigm shift and comparative-historical investigations in the medical education system in Iran.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Medical Education

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