Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahrahmani H, Kariman N, Ahmadi A, Nasiri M, Keshavarz Z. Factors Related to Health Literacy Among the Iranian Population: A Scoping Review. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :1074-1086
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8843-en.html
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research, Midwifery and Repro-ductive Health Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , z.keshavarz@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (266 Views)
Background: The identification of the determinants of health literacy is an essential prerequisite for developing health literacy promotion programs. While these factors have been reported in previous studies, there is a lack of a comprehensive review specifically focused on the Iranian population. Therefore, this review aimed to identify the factors related to health literacy in Iran.
   Methods: This scoping review used the Arksey and O'Malley methodological framework and the Joanna Briggs Institute framework. A search was performed in English-language databases—Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed—using the MeSH keyword of "health literacy," and in Persian-language databases—Magirean and SID—using the related keywords. A narrative synthesis was conducted to describe all included studies' characteristics and explore factors associated with health literacy.
   Results: A total of 76 studies were included. Based on the results of the study, related factors included personal factors—including sex, age, education level, field of study, parents’ education level, marital status, occupation, work experience, employment status, ethnicity, income, socioeconomic status, medical history, duration of disease, addiction, number of children, media literacy, information literacy, computer literacy, and self-efficacy—situational factors—including use of the internet, use of social networks, social support, source of information, and participation in health education classes—and societal and environmental factors—including place of residence and type of insurance.
   Conclusion: Modifiable factors identified in this study were self-efficacy, social support, information sources, media literacy, information literacy, computer literacy, internet or social networks, and participation in health education classes. Planners can consider these factors when developing interventions to promote health literacy.
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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Health

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