Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Maleki F, Akhlaghi L, Tabatabaie F. Evaluation of Hydatid Cyst Antigen for Serological Diagnosis. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :691-695
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8885-en.html
School of Allied Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , maleki.f@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (466 Views)
Background: Hydatidosis, a chronic zoonotic disease, has a distribution worldwide and is caused by the larval stage of the Echinococcus helminth. The Dot-ELISA test can diagnose hydatidosis quickly and accurately. Additionally, unlike other hydatid disease tests now used, this quick and affordable enzyme immunoassay is very serum-conservative and antigen-conservative, needing just nanogram levels of parasite antigen.
   Methods: In the present cross-sectional study, crude and B antigens of hydatid cyst fluid were obtained to diagnose human hydatidosis using CIEP (Counter Immunoelectrophoresis), ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immuno Sorbent assay), and Dot- ELISA (Dot Enzyme linked Immuno Sorbent Assay) methods. Infected liver with a hydatid cyst was collected from Tehran's slaughterhouses to prepare cyst fluid in different stages. After extracting and purifying the Cyst fluid, it is centrifuged at 4ºc, then prepared to concentrate. The study also included sera from hydatidosis (n=60), samples of helminth parasites (n=55), fascioliasis (n=35), toxocariasis (n=20) and negative control (n=35) were tested by CIEP (Counter Immunoelectrophoresis), ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immune Sorbent assay), and Dot- ELISA (Dot Enzyme linked Immuno Sorbent Assay) methods. All statistical analyses were performed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for Windows release 25.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). 
   Results: Crude antigen of hydatid cyst showed a specificity of 76.7%,  a sensitivity of 93.3% using the ELISA method, and B antigen showed a specificity of 96.7% and sensitivity of 88.3% using the same method.
The crude antigen of the hydatid cyst exhibited a specificity of 68.9% and a sensitivity of 86.7% using CIEP. The B antigen showed a specificity of 87.8% and sensitivity of 83.3% using the same method.
The crude antigen of hydatid cyst having serum dilution at 1:800 exhibited a specificity of 83.3% and sensitivity of 100% using the Dot-ELISA method and B antigen having serum dilution at 1:800 serum showed a specificity of 100% and sensitivity of 98.3% using the same method. The results of this finding showed that B antigen has the maximum specificity to diagnose hydatid test using the Dot- ELISA method.
   Conclusion: Hydatid cysts present with varied symptomatology. History of exposure to infected animals may not be present. A high degree of clinical suspicion combined with meticulous history and clinical examination supported by laboratory investigations are required for its diagnosis. The Dot-ELISA system with native antigen B is a viable approach for the immunodiagnosis of human hydatidosis that is preferred to infection.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Parasitology and Mycology

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