Volume 38, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024 | Back to browse issues page

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Karimi M T, Fallahzadeh Abarghuei A. Evaluating the Efficacy of Orthoses in the Conservative Treatment of Thoracolumbar Fractures: A Systematic Review. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024; 38 (1) :408-415
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8927-en.html
2. Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran , fallahzadehm@sums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (39 Views)
Background: Thoracolumbar fractures are common traumatic injuries that can be treated conservatively or by surgery, depending on the type and severity of the injury. This study aimed to determine the efficiency of various orthoses used for these fractures based on the available literature.
   Methods: Between 1950 and 2023, a search was conducted in some databases, including PubMed Central and MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge, Cochrane-centered Register of Controlled Trial (CCTR), Embase, and Scopus. Some keywords—such as conservative treatment, orthoses, brace, and cast—were used in combination with thoracolumbar fracture, burst fracture, and compressive fracture. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the PEDro scale. Two researchers independently reviewed the studies.
   Results: Based on the results of the included studies, orthosis is not necessary for stable burst and compression fractures. Based on the inclusion criteria, 20 papers were selected for the final analysis, 12 of which were on the use of spinal braces and casting (with quality between 1 and 6), 2 on the no-treatment approach, and 6 on comparing the outputs of treatment with spinal braces with no braces.
   Conclusion: Although the use of orthosis and cast is one of the conservative treatments recommended for patients with thoracolumbar fractures, it seems that for stable burst fractures and compression fractures, the use of a brace does not provide any benefits. However, the use of a brace or cast is recommended for burst fractures with more than 1 column fracture.

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Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Rehabilitation

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